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City of Zagreb
City Office for Physical Planning, Construction, Communal Affairs and Traffic


Faculty of Architecture
University of Zagreb


City Acupuncture


Oris - House of Architecture




City of Zagreb
City Office for Culture, Education and Sport


Republic of Croatia
Ministry of Culture

Work title: Embracing Spatialities of New Publicness : The Generation of a ‘Third Space’

Humans are subject to two actions: inhabit or dwell, resulting in ‘private space’ and move or wander, resulting in ‘public space’. The ‘private space'''' includes dwelling, neighbourhood and ''''public space'''' includes squares, work spaces, parks. Earlier, a private space was centred on larger public space. Now, the situation is opposite and some spaces have also lost their meaning. Both society and individuals have become vulnerable and insecure. Also, with virtual space and technology, individual connects instantaneously with society, but corresponding role of spaces needs to be redefined. Framework of spaces is constantly changing as they witness lack of purpose and identity. We need fundamental change in our understanding of societal needs and its spaces. Can a space fulfil needs of a society and also create private conversations, allowing both interaction and anonymity? What would be the spatiality of this new publicness that would encourage diversities? We need to embrace the spatiality of new publicness generated by combining, ‘public space’ and ‘private space’, where both co-exist without undermining the other, in a new relationship of ‘third space’. The concept of ‘third space’, where cultures meet and hybrid identities are created, was developed by Homi Bhabha as a space where discourses are challenged and reshaped giving rise to the reconstitution of everyday. ‘Third space'''' anchors community and fosters broader creative interaction. It maintains personal connection on common ground without economical or political prerequisites that would prevent acceptance or participation. It is a leveling spaces with no importance on an individual''''s status. It is a home away from home with people experiences the feelings of warmth, possession and belonging. The ‘third space’ is everyday space that we move through to live, work and play. It is to ‘live’ within nature, to ‘work’ and create and to ‘play’ and engage. As the world continues to urbanize, they will become more important. A circle and its part crescent, characterize the ‘third space’, as an open, spiritually empowering and symbolic of collectiveness. The design uses basic ‘framework’ made of steel sections, indicating ‘society as the strength of the city’. Once the ‘framework’ is in place, it engages people to ‘live, work and play’. Their participation becomes vital. The program and material are time and place specific. The spaces are modular yet distinctive. Humans are reconnected to nature in ‘live’ space. It provides shelter and rest, where people learn to ‘live’ again. It is proposed in the centre of the Remetinec Roundabout in city of Zagreb, an important junction for commute for the residents which is highly approachable yet unused. ‘Living green wall’ intends to create a ‘live’ space where one dislocates self from everyday life activities and reflects upon true inner self. It is a contemplative space surrounded by nature amidst commotion of the city spreading a message that our environment is an important resource of the city. Local vines such as ‘Trumpet’ and ‘Wisteria’ symbolize the uprising and growth of a city. Living and co-existing with nature builds long term resilience within society. ‘Work’ space offers opportunities to learn, expand the horizon, and improve self-awareness. It is a place to accomplish and be recognized, leading to satisfaction, confidence, and self-worth. It is a social arena that provides meaningful experiences towards self-realization proposed in old city Zagreb at the Ban Jelacic Square which is surrounded by Art Nouveax architecture. The proposed space is for locals to work and exhibit rich heritage and culture of the city. Fabric forms the skin which changes continuously; thus making the ‘Work’ space a moving sculpture. It symbolises the dual nature of a city where heritage and culture are permanent, like ‘framework’, and crisis are temporary, like fabric. Fabric signifies a veil that protects while allowing light to illuminate the space. Just like fabric needs support to hold itself, city needs the society’s support to sustain and develop. ‘Play’ space is important for overall development of mind and personality. To play is to explore, think and arrange. It is a behaviour which requires use of imagination. People would individually and collectively arrange the locally available terracotta panels which are movable windows. This would create closed and open spaces within the ‘third space’ which is a very engaging space igniting individual and collective imagination. It would create and unite time and space, which is so fundamental to how we live. Embracing ‘third space’ captures a philosophy of human life¸ inclusive participation, use and flow of knowledge¸ heritage and culture, utilizing unused spaces by creating capacity for meaningful and productive use.
Work details
Application Number 0000702971
Author Bhagat, Jaydeep Pradeep, India

Juror Comments

  • Juror @ 13/08/2015 11:34:52
    The work has fulfilled most of the competition demands. The jury recognizes the value of the proposition, although the quality of the entry does not suffice for the third round of the competition.
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